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关于音乐的7个科学知识
作者:乐理小编 文章来源:本站原创 点击数:1499 更新时间:2014-10-29 12:43:39
 

关于音乐,你需要知道的7件科学事实(英文)


7 Scientific Facts You Need To Know About Music
Music is more complex and beautiful than one can ever imagine, and it can physically affect your body when listening to it. It doesn’t just alter your physiology, but it can cure emotional distress, amplify moods, and even help treat diseases as well. It is one of the few activities that involves using the majority, and sometimes whole, of your brain. Moreover, it doesn’t discriminate to culture, and has surprising benefits.


音乐要比我们想象的更加优美而又复杂,它既影响你的身体活动,不止改变你的生理体质,也能治愈你的情绪的苦闷,放大你的心情,甚至还能帮助治疗疾病。它也是少数可以对你的整个大脑起作用的事物之一。最重要的是它没有批判性,不分好坏,更能给你一些惊喜的收获。
1、The chills and shivers you get when listening to a song you really like are actually caused by the release of dopamine in your body. Scientists ran experiments by monitoring brain activity and found that music caused dopamine peaks and emotional arousal. This release of dopamine is connected to why people place such a high emphasis on music’s ability to manipulate our emotions. Music can quite literally alter the chemical balances in your brain.


当你听到一首你非常喜欢的歌曲时,你会感到寒冷,发抖,这是因为你的身体释放了一种多巴胺的物质。科学家们在检测脑活动的实验中,发现了音乐让多巴胺释放到了一个小顶峰,并且唤醒了我们的情绪。也是人们重点强调音乐能够控制我们的情感的原因。音乐能改变我们大脑的化学物质的平衡。


2、The effect of music is so powerful, it doesn’t only affect your dopamine levels, but your heartbeat as well. Our body reacts to the sounds we hear: if a person is listening to hardstyle or psy trance, their heartbeat will involuntarily speed up; if they are listening to minimal house, their body relaxes accordingly.
音乐的影响力量非常强大,不仅是多巴胺,还可以影响我们的心跳。我们人体会跟着我们听到的声音做出反应;如果一个人听到硬舞式,或者是迷幻风格的音乐,心跳会加速;如果他听了简约音乐,他的身体自然随着旋律放松下来。

3、Some studies are suggesting that music is as addictive as sex and drugs. The researchers found the release of dopamine both in anticipation of the music, and in hearing the music much like the effects of drug withdrawal and fixes. Ever had that itchy feeling when you can’t wait to hear a song because your phone is dead, and when you finally hear it, you feel a wave of pleasure just wash over you? That’s all chemicals working in your brain.


一些研究标明,音乐可以上瘾,就像吸毒一样。研究人员发现期待听音乐,和听音乐的时候释放的多巴胺,和戒毒的时候表现很类似。你有没有过这种感觉,当你迫不及待的想打开音乐却因为手机死机,你会心痒难耐;当你最终听到他的时候,你会觉得一股愉悦冲刷着你?这些都是因为你大脑的化学物质“捣蛋鬼们”。


4、Many doctors are now prescribing music to help treat patients with diseases like Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and people with anxiety and depression. It was found that it can help overcome bradykinesia (difficulty initiating movement, often coupled with Parkinson’s) by stimulating brain neurons to translate the music into movement, and allowing patients to retain control of their bodies. It has also been found to help restore the loss of language in patients with aphasia (impaired speech) that results after severe head trauma or strokes.


许多医生现在都在将音乐作为处方,开给那些患有帕金森病和阿尔茨海默的患者们,帮助他们治疗。同时对于焦虑症和抑郁症的病人同样有效。研究发现,音乐可以帮助他们通过音乐刺激脑神经,克服运动迟缓(运动伊始障碍,经常出现在帕金森病的症状);让患者们可以控制自己的身体。音乐还可以帮助那些因由于严重的脑昏迷和脑震荡引起失语症的患者们修复语言缺失。


5、Music has been found to have overall positive effects on pain management. It can reduce chronic pain like arthritis by about 21%, and depression over to 25%, according to studies found in the UK Journal of Advanced Nursing. Music therapy is being increasingly used in hospitals instead of medication during childbirth to decrease postoperative pain and complement the use of anesthesia during surgery.


音乐对于疼痛管理有着积极的作用。根据英国的《高级护理杂志》中的一向研究表明,音乐可以将关节炎引起的疼痛减少大约21%,同时又关节炎引起的抑郁减少超过25%。在医院里,分娩术后疼痛的治疗和手术中补充麻醉方面,音乐治疗逐渐代替药物治疗,越来越多的应用在临床领域。


6、As a fatigue fighter, dance music can be a great way to find some extra energy. It can effectively eliminate exercise-induced fatigue and fatigue symptoms caused by monotonous work. I certainly listen to music while I’m working to spark up some energy and increase my productivity, which music is also found to do. A report in the Journal of Neuroscience of Behaviour and Physiology concluded that a person’s ability to recognize images, including letters and numbers, is faster when music is playing in the background.


作为一个疲劳的拳手,舞曲可以让你额外获得一些能量。音乐可以很有效的减少当你不停的单一作业,产生由于运动诱发的疲劳及其一些症状。在我工作的时候,我一定会听音乐,可以让我点燃能量,增加生产率。《行为生理神经学杂志》的一篇文章说到,当音乐作为背景的时候,人们识别字母和数字的速度会更快。


7、Listening to happy or sad music can affect how you interpret a neutral facial expression. Studies showed that after hearing a short piece of music, participants were more likely to match the perceived facial expression with the tone of music. Moreover, we can understand the emotions of a piece of music without actually feeling them, which explains why some of us find sad music enjoyable, instead of depressing.


无论听欢快或者是悲伤的音乐都能影响你读懂中性表情的含义。研究指出,听一小段音乐,参与者们会根据它的音调更能辨认出表情的含义。同时,我们不需要真是亲临感受音乐就能理解它表达的情感,这也就能解释了为什么我们有的人会享受听一些悲伤的音乐,却不会觉得颓废。

 
  
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